Unearthing Responses to Water Risks faced by the Mining sector

Overall basin water risk for operating mining across the globe. Source data WWF Water Risk Filter and S&P
  • In general, all commodities have a moderate level of water risk exposure
  • Several commodities, especially those with higher water risk scores, have spatial clustering
  • Overall, chromite ranks highest followed by coal, palladium, and platinum
  • Broadly speaking, reputational water risk is higher than the physical or regulatory water risks facing mining commodities
  • Of the physical water risk exposure, generally, flood risks are the highest followed by water quality, ecosystem service loss and then water scarcity
  • The most exposed large public mining companies from a basin water risk exposure perspective are Coal India, Grupo Mexico (Southern Copper) and China Shenhua Energy.
  • Several major river basin mining clusters exist: Eastern Mississippi, North-Eastern and Central Mexico, the Andean regions of Peru and Chile (northern & central), North-eastern South Africa, much of India (but especially the West), North-eastern China, and Eastern Australia.
  • The most at-risk river basins are dominated by basins in South Asia
  • Several commodities are highly clustered in one basin, with the Limpopo being of particular note, along with the Yangtze
  • As with basins, several commodities are highly clustered in one country, with China and South Africa once again being of particular note.
Spider diagram of basin water risk by mining commodity © WWF Water Risk Filter
Cumulative recommended responses for gold mines © WWF Water Risk Filter
Residual Water Risk Framework © WWF

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